Probe that assisted in the discovery of the clocks ticking away in every cell in our system got three scientists a Nobel Prize in medicine on Monday. The Nobel Prize committee wrote of the work of Jeffrey C. Hall, Michael Rosbash and Michael W. Young that with acute accuracy our inner clock transforms our physiology to the drastic different phases of the day. The clock maintains crucial functions such as behavior, hormone levels, sleep, body temperature and metabolism.
Human beings can be equated to time keeping machines and we are required to follow systematic sleeping and eating timetable to keep all of our clocks in sync. Research shows that if we muddle up with the body’s organic sleep-wake cycle like working on night shift, flying through a trans-Atlantic flight or then it may be staying awake to play with our pets, then we have to pay the price.
The repercussions on the body are severe like blood pressure goes up, hunger hormones spiral and blood sugar level dips. We can easily convalesce from a sporadic all night outs or a night shift or jet lag or short term disturbance. But if not paid attention to or neglected or if the above mentioned lifestyle becomes the norm of the day then this may auger for increase in weight and metabolic diseases such as Type 2 diabetes.
Fred Turek, a circadian scientist at Northwestern University said that if there is a total de-synchronization of the clocks within us that indicates the chronic diseases that the people in the society are facing today.