Atmospheric CO2 is steadily increasing since the Industrial Revolution in the early 1800s. However, 2015 and 2016 saw an unequalled increase. A NASA research has now probed data collected by the atmosphere observing satellite, the Orbiting Carbon Observatory-2 (OCO-2), for more than two years and pointed out the source the El Nino weather effect induced definite tropical regions to emit an unprecedented amount of CO2 as normally they would.
Albeit there have been enormous efforts to minimize the amount of CO2 emitted through human commotion, the amount of the gas cascaded into the atmosphere has still enlarged by an average of 2 parts per million yearly, in current years. However, 2015 and 2016 surpassed the trend with the substantial increase on record, up to 3 parts per million, amounting to 6.3 gigatons of carbon. Emanation from human commotion was roughly the same but where was it emanating from?
The climate cycle El Nino was a central suspect but it was unclear assuredly how. This event take place over the Pacific Ocean every few years, when warmer water from near the Philippines and Indonesia wanders east towards South America and the consequences can be forceful enough to change weather globally. Warmer waters at the façade of the ocean heave the rains with it, modulating precipitation engendering droughts in areas like Australia, India, Southeast Asia, Indonesia, and northeastern South America, while increasing rainfall in places like Peru, Chile and Ecuador.