Unusual brain structure may cause children suffer ADHD signs than the children with common type of the structure, especially the younger children with age of around 4 years old, said researchers from the National Institutes of Health.
It is the first exclusive analysis of significant changes in the brain structures of the children suffering from the signs of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), which is a condition that includes pattern of hyperactivity and impulsive behavior and inattention patterns.
Findings of the new research have been published by the Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society. The earlier analyses have been documenting the significant brain structure differences in ADHD teenagers. In addition, some studies have already analyzed through such type changes in brain structures of preschoolers, while no research yet cited at notifying the ADHD as more common psychological disorder being diagnosed among young children.
Deputy Head at Child Development and Behavior Branch of the NIH’s Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, James A. Griffin, Ph.D. said that, “Researchers were expecting to find the beginning signs of possible atypical brain development. What they found in their high-resolution scans was solid evidence that these structural changes already are prominent by age 4 or 5.”
Dr. Mark Mahone, Ph.D. led the research performed at the Kennedy Krieger Institute in Baltimore, which involved 90 children, from whom 52 were having symptoms of ADHD and 38 were typically growing young children.
Director of neuropsychology department at Kennedy Krieger Institute in Baltimore, Dr. Mark Mahone said in a statement that, “The magnitude of those reductions predicted how bad their A.D.H.D. symptomatology was. Something about what is happening in early life leads them to have differences in their brains even by age 4.”